With regard to Poland, the yalta report adds that the provisional government should «be obliged to hold free and unimpeded elections as soon as possible, on the basis of universal suffrage and secret ballot». [18] The agreement could not mask the importance of adhering to the short-term pro-Soviet control of the Lublin government and eliminating the language that requires supervised elections. [19] According to President Roosevelt, «I think we will expose ourselves to accusations that we will try to reverse the Crimean decision if we try to avoid the fact that we attach a little more importance to Lublin`s Poland than to the other two groups from which the new government is to be drawn.» Roosevelt acknowledged that, in the words of Admiral William D. Leahy, the Yalta language was so vague that the Soviets would be able to «stretch it from Yalta to Washington without ever breaking it technically.» [20] The Soviets, led by Oleg T. Bogomolov of the Soviet Academy of Sciences, implicitly admitted that the Kremlin had violated the Yalta agreement`s promise to secure free elections in the six nations – Poland, East Germany, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania and Bulgaria – which became Soviet buffers from the Baltic to the Aegean Sea. The final agreement stipulated that «the provisional government currently working in Poland should therefore be reorganized on a broader democratic basis, including Polish and Polish democratic leaders abroad.» [18] Yalta`s language recognized the supremacy of the pro-Soviet Lublin government in a provisional government, albeit a reorganized one. [19] On the question of Poland`s post-war status, the hostility and mistrust between the United States and the Soviet Union, which would characterize the Cold War, was most evident. Soviet troops already had control of Poland, a pro-communist provisional government had already been formed and Stalin insisted that Russia`s interests be recognized in that nation. The United States and Great Britain believed that the Polish government in exile, based in London, was the most representative of the Polish people.

The final agreement called only for the formation of a government in Poland «broader than the public». Free elections were called to determine Poland`s future for the future. Many U.S. officials were outraged by the agreement, which they said made Poland a communist future.