U.S. business interests wanted the deal to gain access to the Chinese market of more than a billion people. But critics have argued that such an agreement would reward a repressive communist state, undermine the protection of the country`s jobs and environment, and cost American workers jobs. This measure has been considered the main U.S. trade law since the adoption of the North American Free Trade Agreement in 1993. But it faced a long campaign of resistance from workers, human rights and conservative groups who wanted to maintain the annual review of trade relations with China. Despite the government`s rhetoric, his own analysis suggests that the U.S. trade deficit with China will spread after China`s entry into the WTO and will not shrink. The contradiction between the government`s assertions and its own economic analysis makes it impossible to take seriously its economic argument for the granting of sustainable trade concessions on the part of China.

Adoption: The agreement on services and the abolition of clothing quotas will not increase trade deficits The expansion of trade in sales and financial services such as banks, insurance and telecommunications is also expected to worsen the U.S. trade deficit. The USITC study did not quantify the costs and benefits of service agreements, but the U.S. experience with NAFTA has shown that the main effect of expanding services trade is to facilitate the growth of LDs in processors. Over time, these commitments will have a profound impact within China and will develop trade and investment relations with the rest of the world. The most effective way for the U.S. Congress to signal support for these developments is to pass laws that allow the president to extend PNTR status to China when it enters the World Trade Organization. If this is not the case, conservative elements in China seek to limit the role of the private sector, limit the role of the market, limit the development of the internet and, in general, control more strictly the flow of information. In China, however, the United States has a trading partner that makes human rights and workers` rights even more repressive than Mexico, and with even more independent power, to manipulate its currency to increase its trade balance with the United States.